Because early detection of colon cancer and rectal cancer directly impacts outcomes,
it is important to gain an understanding of symptoms, types, stages and risk factors of these diseases.
Prevention of colorectal cancer
Although the exact cause of colorectal cancer is not known, it is possible to prevent many colon cancers. Here are some steps to consider:
- Diet and exercise – Eat more fruits, vegetables and whole grain foods. Avoiding high-fat, low-fiber foods. Get some exercise on a regular basis—even small amounts are helpful.
- Drug therapy – Some studies have shown that low doses of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin, and estrogen replacement therapy for post-menopausal women may reduce the risk of colorectal cancer. Discuss this with your physician.
- Screenings – Since some colorectal cancers cannot be prevented, finding them early is the best way to improve the chance of successful treatment. Be sure to have screening tests done at appropriate ages.